EU Middle East Forum (EUMEF)

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EU – Middle East Forum (EUMEF)

Constructive versus Destructive Engagement – Drivers and Implications of External Actors’ Policies for North Africa 18th International Summer School 11 – 22 August 2014, Berlin

18th International Summer School Constructive versus Destructive Engagement – Drivers and Implications of External Actors’ Policies for North Africa

In cooperation with

German Council on Foreign Relations EU – Middle East Forum (EUMEF) Berlin 2014

Established in 1964, the Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH is one of the major German foundations associated with a private company. It represents the philanthropic and social endeavors of Robert Bosch (1861–1942) and fulfills his legacy in a contemporary ­manner. The Robert Bosch Stiftung works predominantly in the fields of International Relations, Health, and Education. The EU-Middle East ­Forum, as well as its predecessors, the International Forum on Strategic Thinking (IFST) and the Forum European Foreign and Security Policy, have been carried out in close cooperation between DGAP and Robert Bosch Stiftung.

The Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations (Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, ifa) is an organization operating worldwide to promote intercultural exchange and dialogue between civil societies. With funds from the German Federal Foreign Office, ifa supports with its zivik Funding Programme projects of German, international, and/or local non-governmental organizations to support the transformation of the affected Arab countries from autocratic models to functioning democratic systems reigned by the rule of law and a constructive conflict culture.

Table of Contents German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP)


EU-Middle East Forum (EUMEF)




The 18th International Summer School


Dina Fakoussa (EGYPT/GERMANY) Christian Achrainer (GERMANY) Julia Schöpp (GERMANY) Salma Soliman (EGYPT/GERMANY) Concept Note Agenda

6 6 7 7 8 9

Speakers (in order of appearance in the agenda)


Facilitators - Paper Presentations


Ibrahim El-Houdaiby (EGYPT) Inken Wiese (GERMANY) Jan Claudius Völkel (GERMANY/EGYPT)

27 27 28

Facilitators - Scenario Workshop


Paul Freiherr von Maltzahn (GERMANY) Irene Weinz (GERMANY) Peter Mares (GERMANY) Fawaz A. Gerges (USA/LEBANON/UK) Eberhard Sandschneider (GERMANY) Sebastian Harnisch (GERMANY) Magda Shahin (EGYPT) Amine Aït-Chalaal (BELGIUM) Kristina Kausch (GERMANY/SPAIN) Michael Reuss (GERMANY) Andrea Teti (ITALY/UK) Andrew Hammond (UK/BELGIUM) David B. Roberts (UK/QATAR) Kristian Coates Ulrichsen (UK/NORWAY/USA) Mensur Akgün (TURKEY) Mohamed Elagati (EGYPT)

Johannes Gabriel (GERMANY) Ingo Kollosche (GERMANY)

19 19 20 20 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 24 25 25 26 26

29 29

Participants (in alphabetical order)


Ahmed Hamdy (EGYPT) Ahmed Sayed Ahmed Hassan (EGYPT) Andrea Longo (ITALY) Andrea Schill (GERMANY) Arwa Kooli (TUNISIA) Basma Serag (EGYPT) Covadonga Bachiller López (SPAIN/GERMANY) Davide Tramballi (ITALY) Eda Sevinin (TURKEY) Emma Scott (IRELAND/FRANCE) Ezgi Uzun (TURKEY) Giulia Cimini (ITALY) Hamza Esmili (MOROCCO/FRANCE) Hamza Tayebi (MOROCCO) Imen Shel (TUNISIA) Khaoula Ajanane (MOROCCO) Lucie Kirstein (GERMANY) Martin Schiller (GERMANY) Meike Lettau (GERMANY) Meriem Dhaouadi (TUNISIA) Mozynah Nofal (EGYPT) Nizar Amri (TUNISIA) Raffael Beier (GERMANY) Rim Dhaouadi (TUNISIA) Rim Koussa Dit Bacha (FRANCE) Sara Hamouda (EGYPT) Tariq Suleiman (EGYPT) Zakian Benamar (MOROCCO) Zuzana Novakova (SLOVAK REPUBLIC/SPAIN)

30 30 31 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 35 35 36 36 37 37 38 38 39 49 40 40 41 41 42 42 43 43 44

Information and Logistics




Berlin City Guide



German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP)

The German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) is Germany’s network for foreign policy. As an independent, non-partisan, and nonprofit membership organization, think tank, and publisher, DGAP has been promoting public debate on foreign policy in Germany for over 50 years. Among its over 2.500 active members are renowned representatives from politics, business, academia, and the media – as well as more than 70 companies and foundations which support DGAP’s work. DGAP’s goals are to promote and contribute to foreign policy debates in Germany, to advise decision makers from politics, business and civil society, and to inform the public about foreign policy issues. DGAP comprises the think tank, the journal IP, the library and documentation center, and the platform Young DGAP. DGAP’s think tank works at the junction between politics, academia, and the economy. Its work is interdisciplinary and policy-oriented and covers different areas of German foreign policy in a globalized and rapidly changing world. The think tank’s activities include research and publications, high-profile conferences and meetings as well as programs for the advancement of young professionals. The journal Internationale Politik (IP) appears in German as a bimonthly print magazine and in English as an online magazine on German and European foreign policy. IP Journal offers German perspectives on important foreign affairs issues as well as indepth analyses on central questions of German and European foreign policy by renowned authors and experts in and outside of Germany. The DGAP Library and Documentation Center (BiDok) is one of the oldest and most significant specialized libraries in Germany that is open to the public. It holds substantial collections on German foreign and security policy. The Young DGAP is an initiative for members of DGAP under the age of 35. It aims at encouraging more young people to take an active interest in foreign and security policy through innovative events such as controversial debates and discussions with senior decision-makers.


EU-Middle East Forum (EUMEF) The EU-Middle East Forum (EUMEF) is one of the core programs for the advancement of young academics and professionals at the DGAP. The Forum conceptualizes and organizes different conference formats in order to provide young experts from North Africa and the Middle East as well as Turkey and Europe with a platform for discussion, exchange, and cooperation. EUMEF is the follow-up project of the International Forum on Strategic Thinking (2006-2010) and the Forum European Foreign and Security Policy (1997-2005). Like its predecessors, EUMEF has been realized in close cooperation between the DGAP and the Robert Bosch Stiftung. Since 2012, the program has also been supported by the Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations (Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen, ifa) and the Federal Foreign Office. 1. Topics Since 2011, EUMEF has been focusing on the chances and challenges associated with the current transformation processes in North Africa, as well as on German and EU policies within the framework of these developments. EUMEF addresses security questions as well as sociopolitical and socioeconomic issues, including subjects like democratization, human rights, education, and migration. 2. Participants Participants of EUMEF’s different conference formats come from the North-African countries Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco, from Turkey, and from Germany, France, Italy, Greece, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The program targets students and young professionals working in academia, politics, civil society, the media, and the corporate sector. 3. Conference Formats EUMEF offers three dialogue and educational formats and follows a multi-level approach in order to bring together the decision makers of tomorrow during different stages of their career. This allows for the development of a sustainable network. International Summer Schools (ISS) Every summer, the International Summer School invites 30 highly qualified students at the end of their studies or recent graduates (with 1–2 years of work experience) to Berlin for two weeks. The participants come from the fields of Political and Social Sciences, Economics, Law, and Media and Communication Studies. Apart from lectures by internationally renowned experts, discussions, working groups, and -4-

workshops on a variety of topics, inter-cultural dialogue and social activities are also part of the program. This allows students to get to know each other and to jointly reflect on different perspectives of current political issues. New Faces Conferences (NFC) Each three-day New Faces Conference (NFC) brings together 20 young and mid-level experts with relevant work experience. Participants are young professionals from academia, politics, civil society, media, and the corporate sector. EUMEF organizes two NFCs per year (in spring and autumn), usually in cooperation with partner institutions in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia or Turkey. Each NFC focuses on a specific sub-topic of the Forum’s overall theme. The NFCs provide a forum to discuss current political issues with peers from a variety of backgrounds, as well as with senior experts from the respective fields. At the same time, the conferences enable participants to expand their network and to initiate joint projects. Alumni Conferences Biennially, EUMEF invites all former ISS and NFC participants to reconvene in Berlin for three days. The Alumni Conferences allow for a strengthening of the network and an exchange among the alumni. Subjects addressed during these conferences are derived from up-to-date political and security challenges and topics of former conferences and summer schools. Participants also get the chance to present their own initiatives and projects and to explore opportunities for cooperation with other alumni. The next Alumni Conference will be held 13 – 15 November 2014. 4. Objectives  Reflection and analysis of political, socio-economic and security challenges, and the sensitization for effective solutions and policies on a national and EU level  Exchange of know-how and experiences  Promotion of intercultural dialogue to increase understanding and trust between young potential policy makers from Arab countries, the EU, and Turkey  Promotion of a pluralistic, tolerant, and respectful debating environment  Establishment of a network of high calibre future actors from North Africa, the EU, and Turkey 5. Team Head of Program: Dina Fakoussa [email protected] Program Officer: Christian Achrainer [email protected] Program Assistant: Julia Schöpp [email protected] Intern: Salma Soliman [email protected] -5-

EUMEF – Team

Dina Fakoussa (EGYPT/GERMANY) Dina Fakoussa has been working for many years as Project and Program Manager in international development cooperation targeting the Arab region. Her last position abroad was at the German Heinrich Böll Stiftung – The Political Green Foundation in Lebanon, where she worked for two years as Program Manager. She was in charge of concept development of international conferences and workshops on democratization, human and women rights, conflict resolution, and climate change with a focus on Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq, as well as networking with local organizations, and drawing up analysis on political and socio-economic developments in the region. Dina is Egyptian-German. She obtained her BA in Political Science with a Minor in Economics from the American University in Cairo and her MA in Political Science from the Freie Universität Berlin.

Christian Achrainer (GERMANY) Christian Achrainer has been working as Program Officer for EUMEF since January 2011. Prior, he worked as Program Assistant and Program Officer for EUMEF’s predecessor project, the International Forum on Strategic Thinking. His research is mainly focused on the transition in Egypt and German and European foreign policy towards the MENAregion. Besides his work at DGAP, Christian lectures at Freie Universität and Humboldt Universität in Berlin and is a Consultant for the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ). He studied Political Science, Sociology, and Media and Communication Science at the Universities of Düsseldorf, Bremen, and Turku. During his studies, Christian worked for the Politische Vierteljahresschrift (PVS), the flagship journal of German Political Science.


Julia Schöpp (GERMANY) Julia Schöpp is Program Assistant at EUMEF and has a BA in Political Science from Freie Universität Berlin. Previously, she was working at EUMEF as an Intern for three months. From September 2012 until July 2013, she studied at Cairo University, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, where she focused on improving her Arabic skills. Besides, Julia worked and interned with several organizations, such as Amnesty International, UN Women, and the student initiative “Middle East Excursion”. In October, she will start her MA in Comparative & Middle East Politics and Society at Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen.

Salma Soliman (EGYPT/GERMANY) Salma Soliman is EUMEF’s intern and currently pursuing a Master’s degree in Islamic Studies at Freie Universität Berlin. She obtained her BSc in Political Science from the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University. After graduation, she worked as Junior Researcher at Partners in Development, a Cairo-based think tank specialized on political and economic development. Salma has previously interned with the Deutsche Welle TV in Berlin, Ashoka Arab World, and The Daily News Egypt newspaper in Cairo. Her research areas of interest include Middle East politics, EU-Medditerranean relations, Islamic political theory, media and political communication, and gender studies in the Arab World.


The 18th DGAP International Summer School

After decades of relative stagnation, North Africa continues to grapple with the radical upheavals of 2010/11 whose outcomes remain everything but predictable. Internal actors, factors, and power dynamics largely determine the different courses the countries are taking. Nevertheless their alarming socio-economic woes and deficits in the political sphere render them dependent on external forces’ assistance and interests. This holds true amongst others for the economy, the state administration as well as civil society. Regional powers are additionally clearly influencing domestic politics and power equations through their direct financial and political support of specific political actors, while at the same time there is an increasing skepticism on the societal level towards foreign engagement in general. The impact of these realities is felt across different realms, be it political, economic, or social. Already undergoing tectonic changes, their fragility and instability is further aggravated. Societies are deeply divided over the future of their countries and domestic conflicts and grievances are often intensified by the involvement of external actors. The uprisings and toppling of the old regimes brought an era to an end in which longlasting alliances determined the external relations of North African states. Today, a diversification of the countries’ foreign affairs accompanied by the wish for more independence is taking place and the struggle for engagement and influence by external actors is in full swing. Especially old allies such as the USA, France or the EU who supported the former regimes face severe credibility problems, struggle to maintain their influence, and/or lack the resources or will necessary to engage constructively in North Africa. Traditional rivalries (re-)surface and new alliances with regional and international powers are forged. As a result of a more assertive foreign policy by new regional players such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey multilateral engagement as such is transformed and the normative foundations of the international system are witness to change. This might increasingly be mirrored in the policies and politics of multilateral institutions such as the IMF or the World Bank. Against this backdrop, DGAP’s EU-Middle East Forum (EUMEF) is hosting the 18th International Summer School on “Constructive versus Destructive Engagement Drivers and Implications of External Actors’ Policies for North Africa”. The Summer School will provide participants with analytical tools to understand foreign policy making before scrutinizing factors affecting the policy making of several key actors, the nature and dimension of these policies, limits and opportunities of engagement, and implications for North African societies, their economies, and politics. Among -8-

others, issues such as the linkage between external actors and Islamist movements, effects of conditionality and democracy promotion, and the impact of economic cooperation and stabilization programs will be analyzed. The International Summer School offers participants the opportunity to experience a stimulating intellectual environment and acquire knowledge and valuable experiences. Students attend lectures and panel debates in which renowned senior experts offer their insights and analysis. Each participant presents a short input statement to jointly reflect on different sub-topics and perspectives in small working groups. In a scenario workshop, participants learn scientific techniques to think about future developments and generate scenarios accordingly. Finally, students visit thematically relevant institutions in Berlin and carry out joint social activities to network and intensify this intercultural encounter.


Agenda Monday 11 August 09.00

Pick-Up in front of the Hotel

09.30 – 10.00

Opening of the 18th International Summer School Amb. Paul Freiherr von Maltzahn (ret.), Secretary General of DGAP Irene Weinz, Program Officer at the Department “International Relations Europe and its Neighbours”, Robert Bosch Stiftung Peter Mares, Head of zivik, Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations (ifa)

10.00 – 11.00

Introduction to EUMEF and the Conference Dina Fakoussa, Head of EUMEF Christian Achrainer, Program Officer at EUMEF

11.00 – 11.30

Coffee Break

11.30 – 12.00

The Geopolitics of a North Africa in Flux – How the Arab Uprisings reshape Power Structures, Alliances, and External Engagement Fawaz A. Gerges, Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and Holder of the Emirates Chair in Contemporary Middle East Studies

12.00 – 13.00

Plenary Discussion

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 15.00

Getting to know DGAP – The Role of a German Think Tank Eberhard Sandschneider, Otto Wolff-Director of the Research Institute, DGAP

15.00 – 19.00

“Scavenger Hunt” through Berlin


Dinner at DGAP

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Tuesday 12 August 09.45 – 10.30

Foreign Policy in the Making – How to analyze and explain State Behavior Sebastian Harnisch, Professor of International Relations and Foreign Policy at Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and Deputy Executive Director at the Institute for Political Science

10.30 – 11.30

Plenary Discussion

11.30 – 12.00

Coffee Break

12.00 – 12.30

The United States between Hegemonial Ambitions and Retreat – How the Super Power’s Strategic Reorientation affects North African States Magda Shahin, Professor and Director of the Prince Alwaleed Center for American Studies and Research, School of Global Affairs and Public Policy (GAPP), American University in Cairo

12.30 – 13.30

Plenary Discussion

13.30 – 14.30

Lunch at DGAP

14.30 – 15.00

New Realities but Old Strategies? France in a Changing Region Amine Aït-Chalaal, Professor of International Relations and Director of the Center for the Study of International Crises and Conflicts (CECRI) at Université Catholique de Louvain

15.00 – 16.00

Plenary Discussion

16.00 – 16.30

Coffee Break

16.30 – 17.00

Preparation of Scavenger Hunt Results

17.00 – 18.00

Presentation of Scavenger Hunt Results


Dinner at DGAP

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Wednesday 13 August 09.30 – 10.00

The EU between Self-Interest and Constructive Commitment Kristina Kausch, Senior Researcher and Head of the Middle East Programme, FRIDE, Madrid

10.00 – 11.00

Plenary Discussion

12.00 – 13.30

Visit to the Federal Foreign Office

12.00 – 12.30

Transformation Partnership and Beyond – Germany’s North Africa Policies Michael Reuss, Head of Division Transformations in the Arab World, Federal Foreign Office

12.30 – 13.30

Plenary Discussion

14.00 – 15.30

Lunch at Brasserie in Berlin-Mitte

17.00 – 18.30

Visit to the Reichstag, Seat of the German Parliament

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Thursday 14 August 09.30 – 10.00

Democracy Promotion – Failing the Mandate? Andrea Teti, Director of the Centre for Global Security and Governance, University of Aberdeen

10.00 – 11.00

Plenary Discussion

11.00 – 11.30

Coffee Break

11.30 – 12.00

Ideology, Power, and Politics – The Ambiguous Interplay between External Actors and Islamist Movements in Egypt Ibrahim El-Houdaiby, Cairo-based Senior Researcher and Author

12.00 – 13.00

Plenary Discussion

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 16.00

Working Group Session – Input Presentations 1 & 2 Working Group “Civil Society” – Facilitator: Ibrahim El Houdaiby, Cairo-based Senior Researcher and Author Working Group “Economy” – Facilitator: Inken Wiese, PhD Candidate and Consultant Working Group “Geopolitics” – Facilitator: Jan Claudius Völkel, DAAD Longterm Lecturer at the Euro-Mediterranean Studies Programme, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University

16.00 – 16.30

Coffee Break

16.30 – 18.00

Working Group Session – Input Presentations 3 & 4


Dinner at Pestana in Berlin-Tiergarten

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Friday 15 August 09.30 – 11.00

Working Group Session – Input Presentations 5 & 6

11.00 – 11.30

Coffee Break

11.30 – 13.00

Working Group Session – Input Presentations 7 & 8

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 15.30

Working Group Session – Input Presentations 9 & 10

15.30 – 16.00

Coffee Break

16.00 – 17.30

Working Group Session – Summing Up

17.30 – 18.30

Plenary Session – Presentation of Key Findings

18.30 – 19.00

Submission of Travel Documents


Dinner at DGAP

Sunday 17 August 11.30

Meeting at Alexanderplatz (Weltzeituhr/World Time Watch)

13.00 – 15.00

Visit to the Hohenschönhausen Memorial, Former Prison of the East German Ministry of State Security

(Stasi) 16.00

Visit to Mauerpark Flea Market (optional)

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Monday 18 August 09.30 – 10.00

Between Outreach, Patronage, and Repression – Saudi Arabia’s Ambiguous Policies in the Region Andrew Hammond, Policy Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) in Brussels

10.00 – 11.00

Plenary Discussion

11.00 – 11.30

Coffee Break

11.30 – 12.00

Qatar Foundation, Al Jazeera, and Co. – Small State, Big Politics? David B. Roberts, Lecturer at King’s College London

12.00 – 13.00

Plenary Discussion

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 14.30

Assertive Regional Politics of the Gulf – How the Rise of New Players shakes the Normative Foundations of the International System Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, Research Fellow at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy in Houston

14.30 – 15.30

Plenary Discussion

16.45 – 18.45

Guided Walking Tour in Berlin-Kreuzberg


Dinner at Max & Moritz in Berlin-Kreuzberg

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Tuesday 19 August 09.30 – 10.30

Introduction to Scenarios Approach Johannes Gabriel, Founder and Director of Foresight Intelligence (FI), Berlin Ingo Kollosche, Research Associate at Technische Universität Berlin

10.30 – 11.30

Working Group Session – Environment Scanning

11.30 – 12.00

Coffee Break

12.00 – 13.00

Working Group Session – Environment Scanning (continued)

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 16.00

Working Group Session – Factor Assessment

16.00 – 16.30

Coffee Break

16.30 – 18.30

Working Group Session – Driver-Driven Analysis


Dinner at DGAP

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Wednesday 20 August 09.30 – 10.30

Introduction to Scenarios Approach (Part II) Johannes Gabriel, Founder and Director of Foresight Intelligence (FI), Berlin Ingo Kollosche, Research Associate at Technische Universität Berlin

10.30 – 11.30

Working Group Session – Scenario Construction

11.30 – 12.00

Coffee Break

12.00 – 13.00

Working Group Session – Scenario Construction (continued)

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 16.00

Working Group Session – Scenario Writing

16.00 – 16.30

Coffee Break

16.30 – 18.30

Gallery Walk


Dinner at DGAP

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Thursday 21 August 09.30 – 10.00

Internal Struggles and Regional Ambitions – The Role and Perception of Turkey in the Middle East Mensur Akgün, Director of the Global Political Trends Center (GPoT) and Chair of the Department of International Relations at Istanbul Kültür University

10.00 – 11.00

Plenary Discussion

11.00 – 11.30

Coffee Break

11.30 – 12.00

Hidden Agendas and Close Partners – The Perception of External Actors and Foreign Funding of Civil Society in Egypt Mohamed Elagati, Executive Director of the Arab Forum for Alternatives, Cairo

12.00 – 13.00

Plenary Discussion

13.00 – 14.00

Lunch at DGAP

14.00 – 15.30

Wrap-up Session, Feedback, Evaluation


Farewell Party at Mauersegler in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg

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Speakers (in order of appearance in the agenda)

Paul Freiherr von Maltzahn (GERMANY) Paul Freiherr von Maltzahn has been Secretary General of DGAP since September 2010. He entered the Foreign Service of the Federal Republic of Germany in April 1970 and in his 40 years of service Paul von Maltzahn became a specialist on Middle Eastern affairs. Starting 1973 in Beirut, he witnessed the outbreak of the civil war in Lebanon, was in Syria during the Assad regime’s fight for survival against the Muslim brotherhood, and again was present during the “October Revolution” of 1988 in Algiers. During his stay in London from 1996 to 2000, he had a close view of the “Blair Revolution” before moving as Ambassador to Egypt, followed by three years in Iran where he was part of the E3 and P5 +1 negotiations on the Iranian nuclear file. After having three further years in Indonesia he volunteered for one year in Baghdad as his last posting. He has read Law and Arabic in Heidelberg, Munich, and Hamburg and studied Political Sciences at l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Sciences Po) in Paris.

Irene Weinz (GERMANY) Irene Weinz works as Program Officer at the department “International Relations Europe and its Neighbours” of the Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH in Stuttgart, Germany. Established in 1964, the Robert Bosch Stiftung is one of the major German foundations associated with a private company. It represents the philantropic and social endeavors of Robert Bosch (1861-1942) and fulfills his legacy in a contemporary manner. The Robert Bosch Stiftung works in the fields of international relations, health, science, education, society, and culture. Irene Weinz is currently developing a strategy for the foundation’s activities in the MENA region and is at the same time responsible for a number of programs and projects in German-French relations. Before joining the foundation in 2007, she worked as Research Assistant at the Department of Law at the Freie Universität Berlin. During her studies of Political Science at Freie Universität Berlin and Charles University Prague, she focused on international relations and civic education. - 19 -

Peter Mares (GERMANY) Peter Mares works for the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen (Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations, ifa) and is heading the zivik Funding Program since 2006. The program operating worldwide - was established in the year 2001 and provides advice on project ideas in the sphere of conflict transformation and peace building. In its role as intermediary between the German Federal Foreign Office and civil society organizations it selects, funds, and evaluates projects. Peter Mares has previously worked at the Office of the President in Prague, Czech Republic, dealing with communication and presentations. Additionally, he is editor of the books “Frieden und Zivilgesellschaft - Programm, Praxis, Partner“ and “Erfolgreich gewaltfrei - Professionelle Praxis in ziviler Friedensförderung“. He studied Political Science, Sociology, and Slavonic Studies at the Universities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.

Fawaz A. Gerges (USA/LEBANON/UK) Fawaz A. Gerges is Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science where he holds the Emirates Chair in Contemporary Middle Eastern Studies. He was LSE’s inaugural Director of the Middle East Centre from 2010 until 2013. He has taught at Oxford, Harvard, and Columbia, and was a research scholar at Princeton, and chair holder at Sarah Lawrence College, New York. His special interests include Islam and the political process, mainstream Islamist movements and jihadist groups, Arab and Muslim politics in the 20th century, the international relations and political economy of the Middle East, the Arab-Israeli conflict, American foreign policy towards the Muslim world, the modern history of the Middle East, history of conflict, diplomacy and foreign policy, and historical sociology. He is author of several acclaimed books, including the newly-released “The New Middle East - Social Protest and Revolution in the Arab World” and “Obama and the Middle East”.

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Eberhard Sandschneider (GERMANY) Eberhard Sandschneider has been Otto Wolff - Director of DGAP’s Research Institute since August 2003. He has held a Chair for Chinese Politics and International Relations at Freie Universität Berlin since 1998. He was Managing Director of the Otto Suhr Institute from October 1999 to March 2001 and Dean of the Department of Political and Social Sciences from 2001 to 2003. Between 1995 and 1998, he was Professor of International Relations at Johannes Gutenberg Universität in Mainz. Eberhard Sandschneider’s books include “Globale Rivalen - Chinas unheimlicher Aufstieg und die Ohnmacht des Westens” (Global Rivals - China’s uncanny Rise and the Helplessness of the West, 2008) and “Der erfolgreiche Abstieg Europas - Heute Macht abgeben, um morgen zu gewinnen” (Europe’s Successful Descent - Giving away Power today in order to win tomorrow, 2011). He was promoted to Professor on the topic “The Stability and Transformation of Political Systems” (1993) and wrote his doctoral thesis on “Military and Politics in the PR China 1969-1986” (1986).

Sebastian Harnisch (GERMANY) Sebastian Harnisch is Professor for International Relations and Foreign Policy as well as the Deputy Executive Director at the Institute for Political Science, Ruprecht-KarlsUniversität Heidelberg. Previously, he taught at Universität Trier and the University for the German Federal Armed Forces in Munich as well as at the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty and the Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing. His research and publications encompass comparative foreign and security policy analysis, theories of International Relations, Korean affairs, and nonproliferation issues. His most recent publications include “Deutsche Außenpolitik und internationale Führung - Ressourcen, Praktiken und Politiken in einer veränderten Europäischen Union“ (2014), “Auf Augenhöhe - 50 Jahre Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung“ (2012), and “Role Theory in International Relations - Contemporary Approaches and Analyses” ( 2011).

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Magda Shahin (EGYPT) Magda Shahin is the Director of the Prince Alwaleed American Studies Center and a full Professor at the School of Global Affairs and Public Policy (GAPP) at the American University in Cairo which she joined in 2011. Her primary career has been in diplomacy as she held a number of distinguished posts with the Egyptian Foreign Ministry, namely as First Secretary in Bonn, as Counselor in New York, as Deputy Chief of Mission in Geneva, and lastly as Ambassador in Athens. She held the position of Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for International Economics twice. Her area of expertise is diplomacy, trade development, and negotiation, which has enabled her to develop an excellent understanding of the US, US economic issues, and the interests of US companies, first in a five-year posting to the US as part of the Egyptian mission to the UN and subsequently as the Deputy Head of the Egyptian mission to the WTO in Geneva. She has completed five years as Executive Director of the USAID Project Trade Advisory Program to the Private Sector in the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt and counselor to the Egyptian Minister of Trade and Industry on matters related to international trade and the World Trade Organization in the period from September 2010 to June 2011.

Amine Aït-Chalaal (BELGIUM) Amine Aït-Chaalal is Professor of International Relations at the Political Science Department of the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain/Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium) and Director of the Study Centre on International Crises and Conflicts (Centre d'études des crises et conflits internationaux/CECRI) at UCLouvain. He holds a PhD in Political Science-International Relations from UCLouvain and an MA in International Politics from Ottawa University in Ontario, Canada. He has taught and made research stays in various institutions such as Monash University, Melbourne, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution, New Delhi, Fundação Alexandre de Gusmão/FUNAG, Brasilia, and Johns Hopkins University, Washington DC.

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Kristina Kausch (GERMANY/SPAIN) Kristina Kausch heads FRIDE’s Middle East and North Africa Programme. She specialises in European foreign policy and the EU’s relations with its Southern neighbours democracy, human rights, governance, and Middle Eastern geopolitics. She co-edited the books “Islamist Radicalisation - The Challenge for Euro-Mediterranean Relations” (CEPS/FRIDE, 2009) and “Europe in the Reshaped Middle East” (FRIDE, 2012). Kristina Kausch also appears regularly on English-, Spanish- and Germanspeaking media. In parallel to her position at FRIDE, she teaches postgraduate International Relations at the CEU San Pablo University in Madrid.

Michael Reuss (GERMANY) Michael Reuss has been Head of the Division “Transformations in the Arab World” of the Federal Foreign Office since August 2011. Prior, he worked as a Deputy Head of Mission at the German Embassy in Sanaa, as the First Secretary of the Political Department for the Permanent Mission of Germany to the EU in Brussels, at the German Embassy in Lagos, and as an Exchange Officer at the British Foreign Office, London, amongst others. Michael Reuss joined the German Diplomatic Academy from 1992 until 1993 after graduating from Medical University in Munich and Sydney and working as a Junior Resident in Neurology/Psychiatry in Munich for two years

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Andrea Teti (ITALY/UK) Andrea Teti is the Director of the Centre for Global Security and Governance as well as Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Aberdeen. He holds an MA (Hons) and a PhD from the University of St. Andrews. His main research interests and publications focus on European and US democracy-promotion policies in the Middle East, Egyptian politics, Islamist movements, civil society, and labour movements. Previously, he was Lecturer in International Relations at the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, and visiting fellow at the University of Turin and at the Anna Lindh Chair of Euro-Mediterranean Studies of the University of Salerno.

Andrew Hammond (UK/BELGIUM) Andrew Hammond has been a Policy Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relation’s Middle East and North Africa Programme since October 2013. His research covers Islamist movements, human rights issues, Arab media, and cultural affairs in Egypt and the Gulf. He previously worked as a journalist with BBC Arabic radio, was a founding member of the Cairo Times news magazine, and worked as a correspondent for ten years with Reuters where he was Bureau Chief in Riyadh from 2006-2009. Andrew Hammond has covered the Arab Spring uprisings in Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain, Yemen, and Morocco and reported from Iraq before and after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. He has authored three books: “Popular Culture in the Arab World” (2004), “What the Arabs Think of America” (2007), and “The Islamic Utopia - The Illusion of Reform in Saudi Arabia“ (2012).

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David B. Roberts (UK/QATAR) David B. Roberts joined the Defence Studies Department at King’s College London in October 2013. Prior to moving to King’s College, he was the Director of the Qatar office of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI Qatar). He obtained his PhD from Durham University, his MA in Diplomacy from Nottingham University, and his MA (Hons) in International Relations from St. Andrews University. His primary research interest focuses on Qatar’s foreign policy. In particular, his PhD sought to understand the core rationale of Qatar’s recent flurries in the world of international relations. His book “Qatar - Securing the Global Ambitions of a City State” will be published in 2015. Otherwise, David Roberts is interested in wider Gulf international relations and domestic political issues as well as questions of a future Gulf security architecture, energy relations particularly with East Asia, and emerging military strategy and doctrine in the Arab Gulf states.

Kristian Coates Ulrichsen (UK/NORWAY/USA) Kristian Coates Ulrichsen is the Baker Institute Fellow for Kuwait. Working across the disciplines of Political Science, International Relations, and International Political Economy, his research examines the changing position of Persian Gulf states in the global order, as well as the emergence of longerterm, nonmilitary challenges to regional security. Previously, he worked as Senior Gulf Analyst at the Gulf Center for Strategic Studies and as Co-Director of the Kuwait Program on Development, Governance, and Globalization in the Gulf States at the London School of Economics (LSE). He is a visiting fellow at the LSE Middle East Centre and an associate fellow at Chatham House in the United Kingdom. Kristian Coates Ulrichsen has published extensively on the Gulf. His books include “Insecure Gulf - The End of Certainty and the Transition to the Post-Oil Era” (2011). He is currently completing a book on Qatar and the Arab Spring and has been commissioned to write a textbook on the Gulf and international political economy. - 25 -

Mensur Akgün (TURKEY) Mensur Akgün is Professor at Istanbul Kültür University, political analyst, columnist in Turkish Daily Star, and a civil society activist. Together with his colleague Sylvia Tiryaki he founded the Global Political Trends Center, an Istanbul based research institution, which is operating under the auspices of Istanbul Kültür University. He has also been the Director of the Foreign Policy Program at the Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) and the editor of the News Perspectives Quarterly (NPQ-Türkiye). Mensur Akgün teaches courses on international relations and Turkish foreign policy at the Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences of Istanbul Kültür University where he also holds the position of Chair of the Department of International Relations. His geographic areas of interest include the Middle East, Cyprus, Turkey, and Armenia.

Mohamed Elagati (EGYPT) Mohamed Elagati is Executive Director of the Arab Forum for Alternatives, a researcher in Social Sciences, and a civil society expert. He is conducting research on civil society, social movements, and political reform in the Arab Region and writes policy analysis, recommendation papers as well as book chapters. Additionally, he is a writer in the Egyptian newspaper El-Shorouk and the Lebanese newspaper As-Safir. He recently issued the book “How did the Egyptians Vote in the Transitional Period? From the Revolution to the Constitution” (2013). He is a leading expert in the field of non-profit management, civil society organizations’ strategic planning, training, capacity building, and evaluation as well as project coordination. He worked with a diverse range of civil society organizations active in development from different countries.

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Facilitators - Paper Presentations

Ibrahim El-Houdaiby (EGYPT) Ibrahim El Houdaiby is a political researcher and author. Currently establishing a new research center with AlShorouk Newspaper, he formerly worked as Senior Researcher at House of Wisdom Foundation for Strategic Studies. As a graduate of the American University in Cairo (2005), he holds a BA in Political Science and an MA in Political Science and Development Studies (2012). He also earned a diploma in Islamic Studies from the High Institute of Islamic Studies in 2010, where he is currently pursuing his MA in Islamic Shariah. He is a lecturer at AMIDEAST Cairo, writes a weekly column for the Arabic Daily AlShorouk, and is a freelance columnist in English language Al-Ahram Online. His research focuses on Islamic movements, democratization, and political economy of the Middle East.

Inken Wiese (GERMANY) Inken Wiese is a PhD candidate in Cultural Anthropology at Universität Konstanz. She focuses on Qatar and the UAE as donors of international development assistance. Before that, she worked at the German parliament as an advisor on Middle Eastern affairs and on the German military intervention in Afghanistan. She also managed an NGO which facilitates political education for Palestinian and Israeli political youth organizations. As a consultant to various German NGOs and development organizations, Inken Wiese trained Afghan political parties and politicians in election campaigning. She also worked as an election observer in Bosnia Herzegovina and Georgia. She studied Middle Eastern Studies and International Law at Freie Universität Berlin, Cairo University, and Harvard University.

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Jan Claudius Völkel (GERMANY/EGYPT) Jan Claudius Völkel is a DAAD Visiting Professor at the Euro-Mediterranean Studies Program, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University. Prior, he held teaching and research assignments with the Universities of Freiburg, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Duhok (Iraqi Kurdistan) and the European University Institute Florence. Moreover, Jan Völkel was a visiting researcher at the Université de Montréal and at the Bahcesehir University in Istanbul. He is also the regional coordinator for the Middle East and North Africa region at the Bertelsmann Transformation Index.

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Facilitators - Scenario Workshop

Johannes Gabriel (GERMANY) Johannes Gabriel is the founder of Foresight Intelligence, a newly formed firm that supports strategic planning and decision-making processes in organizations through training, research, and consulting. He is also a non-resident fellow with the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) in Berlin and has been a member of GPPi’s Global Governance Futures team. From 2009 to 2011 he was a PhD fellow with the Society and Technology Research Group in Berlin, the Daimler AG’s foresight division. Johannes Gabriel then worked as a freelancing researcher and consultant with federal administration bodies, think tanks, and firms. For instance, he was involved in research on the future of China’s society and conducted an analysis of informal networks as part of a strategic foresight consultancy for a multinational corporation in Southeast Asia. He has (co-)authored research articles for, among others, the yearbook of the German Council on Foreign Relations, the European Journal of Futures Research, and Internationale Politik.

Ingo Kollosche (GERMANY) Ingo Kollosche is Research Associate at Technische Universität Berlin and is teaching Future Studies at the Chair of Integrated Transport Planning. From 2000 to 2009 he was a Research Assistant at the Society and Technology Research Group in Berlin, the Daimler AG’s foresight division. He studied Political Science and Sociology at Humboldt Universität Berlin and Duke University Durham. During his studies and work, Ingo Kollosche has been interested in a wide range of topics, including social change, comparative politics, and literature.

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Participants (in alphabetical order)

Ahmed Hamdy (EGYPT) Ahmed Hamdy has been working as a political researcher at the Nile Center For Strategic Studies since February 2014. Prior to this, he was a Research Assistant at Al-Ahram Center For Strategic Studies since his graduation from the Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University in August 2012. In his research he mainly focuses on international relations issues, especially those affecting the MENA region. These include the foreign policies of major powers and the international system which have an impact on the domestic and foreign policies of the MENA countries. Currently, Ahmed is interested in learning Hebrew as he is planning to become more specialized on the Arab-Israeli conflict. Moreover, he is going to enroll in a Master program for Political Science at Cairo University or a European University if he finds a suitable scholarship.

Ahmed Sayed Ahmed Hassan (EGYPT) Ahmed Sayed Ahmed Hassan has been working as a Teaching Assistant at the British University in Egypt (BUE) in the Business Administration Department since October 2012. Prior to this, he was studying Accounting and Financial Management at the BUE and was ranked first among his cohort upon graduation. During his studies, he worked for AIESEC exchange programs which motivated him to encourage student exchanges and promote cultural understanding. Following the 25th of January Revolution, he showed interest in the political and economic studies with his graduation thesis on financing SMEs in Egypt after the revolution. Currently, Ahmed is pursuing his MA in Euro-Mediterranean Studies at Cairo University in which he mainly focuses on Western foreign policies and the Middle East in the aftermath of the uprisings.

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Andrea Longo (ITALY) Andrea Longo has recently received his BA in Social Sciences from the Campus of Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Studies of Sciences Po Paris. Between August 2013 and July 2014, he spent one year at the American University of Beirut where he focused on Levantine modern history and geopolitics and boosted his Arabic language skills. In Beirut, he worked as a Research Assistant with the UN in the Arab World Program and the Refugee Policy and Research Program at the Issam Fares Institute of Public Policy and International Affairs (IFI). Thereby, Andrea strengthened his writing skills on a range of different formats such as event summaries, press releases, policy memos, and research papers. Furthermore, he worked as an intern at the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ), where he explored important issues related to the culture of impunity and amnesia characterizing today’s Lebanese society, legacy of the Lebanese Civil War. Next year, he will start a Law degree at Torino University in Italy in order to consolidate his knowledge with a complementary legal perspective.

Andrea Schill (GERMANY) Andrea Schill read European Studies with a major in Political Science and a minor in English Studies at the Universität Passau in Germany and the University of Sussex in the UK. Her thesis dealt with the relevance of political street art during the Euro crisis in Greece and the Arab Spring in Libya and Egypt. She is interested in the power of civil society as well as in art as a tool for protest in times of political struggle. For her Master’s degree in Political Science, Andrea moved to Berlin one year ago to study at the University of Potsdam. Her main areas of interest are Egypt, Libya, Lebanon, and Syria as well as the European Union’s neighbourhood policy, political culture, and social policy. She gained work experience as an intern at an organisation for European politics and integration and at a consultancy for strategic corporate and political communication. On a voluntary basis, Andrea works with children at asylum-seeker housing. - 31 -

Arwa Kooli (TUNISIA) Arwa Kooli is a Tunisian journalist who has been working for ElAssabah ElOussboui, a weekly independent newspaper based in Tunis since June 2011. Her work focuses on national and international political issues especially those related to American and European foreign policy in the MENA region. She received her Master’s degree in 2011 and is now enrolled at her second year of PhD studies, working on social media and the political communication process in Tunisia. Arwa studied Journalism at the Institute of Press and Sciences of Information in Tunisia and is currently a part-time teacher at the same institute, providing classes on investigative reporting, infographics, and TV production. She received several trainings related to journalism and civil society and has a passion for languages and networking with people from around the world.

Basma Serag (EGYPT) Basma Serag is currently pursuing an MA in European Mediterranean Studies from Cairo University. She graduated from the American University in Cairo (AUC) in January 2013 with a BA in Political Science, specializing in Public and International Law and a minor in History. She also participated in two Moot Court Competitions, representing AUC in Sharjah, one was The Monroe E. Price International Media Law Moot Court Competition at the University of Oxford in 2010 and one at the Susan J. Ferrell Intercultural Human Rights Moot Court Competition at the School of Law at St. Thomas University in Miami in 2011. She also worked for AIESEC AUC as a Local Committee Vice-President of the Outgoing Global Community Development Program for the term January – December 2012. Since March 2013, Basma has been working in project management at Emirates NBD, Egypt in the retail head office, and is to commence her work as a Research Assistant at AUC beginning September. - 32 -

Covadonga Bachiller López (SPAIN/GERMANY) Covadonga Bachiller López is a trained lawyer specialized in the field of human rights, migration, and refugee law. She studied Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the European University Viadrina and at the Turku Law School. During her studies, she was an active member of Amnesty International and she collaborated as a Legal Advisor with the NGO KUB-Berlin (Contact and Consultation Center for Refugees and Migrants). She worked for UNHCR in Cairo and in Madrid. Covadonga is currently doing a traineeship at the European Court of Human Rights.

Davide Tramballi (ITALY) Davide Tramballi has been working as Research Assistant with ISPI (Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale) in Milan since April 2014. At ISPI, he mainly follows the South and Eastern Mediterranean region, monitoring the current volatile geo-political situation and researching on Egypt and the roots of the crisis in the Levant in particular. Prior to this, Davide worked as a Junior Policy Officer at the International Peace Institute of New York where, among other issues, he focused on the security crisis in the Sahel and the context of the Failed Cities in Africa, South Asia, and Latin America. While studying International Relations at the University of Milan, Davide spent some time in Lebanon interning at a French-written newspaper and at the Lebanese Central Bank. Additionally, he worked at the electoral campaign of the current mayor of Milan in 2010/11. David graduated from LSE in Conflict Studies and Comparative Politics.

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Eda Sevinin (TURKEY) Eda Sevinin is an MA student at Middle East Technical University (METU), Department of Political Science and Public Administration. She has been working as Research Assistant at the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) since 2013 on the project “Unusual Voting Behaviour and Mobilized Participation - A Research on the Villages of Mass Voting Behaviour in the Region of South Anatolian Project 1991-2011”. Concurrently, Eda has been working as Research Assistant at Hacettepe University’s Migration and Politics Research Center (HUGO) in a research project about the Syrians in Turkey and their social acceptance and integration. In her ongoing studies she mainly focuses on migration, human rights, democracy, and social movements with a special emphasis on the EU migration policies and their implications for the Middle East and North Africa Region as well as migration uprisings in the EU countries. Starting in September 2014, Eda will continue her graduate degree at the Central European University in Budapest along with her ongoing research projects.

Emma Scott (IRELAND/FRANCE) Emma Scott is a security and defence freelance analyst with Business Monitor International in the UK and an affiliate researcher to the Centre for Chinese Studies of Stellenbosch University in the Western Cape, South Africa. She has a Research Master in Geopolitics from the French Institute of Geopolitics, Paris University. For her thesis topic examining Chinese power in the Suez Canal, she went to Egypt for field research in February 2013. Prior to that, Emma obtained two postgraduate certificates, one in Geopolitical Analysis of Powers and one in International Relations and Conflict Analysis from the Centre for the Study of International Crisis and Conflict at the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium. She has interned at the European Union's Institute for Security Studies where she researched the Iran sanctions and the IsraeliPalestinian conflict. Emma also possesses a Professional Master in Humanitarian Action from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands and a BA in Politics with Law. - 34 -

Ezgi Uzun (TURKEY) Ezgi Uzun is a PhD candidate in Political Science at Sabanci University, Istanbul. Her research focuses on security studies, nuclear proliferation, and securitization of religion in international politics as well as political transformations in the Middle East and Iranian and Turkish foreign policies. Her articles on Iran’s nuclear program and NATO missile defense shield appeared in refereed academic journals in Turkey and abroad. She studied Translation and Interpreting Studies and Political Science at Bogazici and Sabanci Universities in Istanbul and has been working as a Teaching Assistant at Sabanci University since 2009.

Giulia Cimini (ITALY) Giulia Cimini holds a Master’s degree in Relations and Institutions of Asia and Africa from L’Orientale University of Naples, Italy. Previously, she received a BA in International Relations and Political Sciences with a specialization on Middle Eastern Studies and Arabic Language. In 2011 she spent a period of study in Syria where she worked on her language skills. Her research interests include the European Union’s foreign policy towards the Mediterranean, especially European democracy assistance, and the international relations of the Middle East as well as Islamist movements and the domestic politics of the MENA region. Giulia was awarded the “Europe and Youth 2012” prize by the Regional Institute for European Studies of Friuli Venezia Giulia (Italy) for an essay on the transformations of North Africa in the aftermath of the Arab upsrisings. She is also interested in journalism and contributes to the blog of the International Journalism Laboratory at L’Orientale. Starting in October 2014, she will be travelling to Jordan to attain professional Arabic fluency.

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Hamza Esmili (MOROCCO/FRANCE) Hamza Esmili is a first year Master student in Politics, Sociology, and History at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales and Université La Sorbonne in Paris. Involved in the struggle for better redistribution in Morocco, he is a member of Autre Maroc, an association which aims to analyze and create the conditions for a global social movement in Morocco. Hamza is also engaged in humanitarian work since he served as a teacher for two months in a Beninese village.

Hamza Tayebi (MOROCCO) Hamza Tayebi has been a part-time Lecturer of English and Cultural Studies at the Faculty Of Letters Dhar Mehraz in Fez since September 2013. In 2011 he obtained his Bachelor degree in English Studies from Mohamed V University in Raba. Subsequently, he enrolled in the Master program in Cultural Studies at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences Dhar Mehraz in 2011. In 2013 he defended his MA dissertation about the shift towards tabloidization in Moroccan broadsheets and continued his studies in the PhD program in Media and Cultural Studies in September 2013. In his PhD research he is mainly working on religion and politics in Moroccan print media. In January 2014, Hamza was granted the Scholarship of Excellence by the National Centre for the Scientific and Technical Research. Among his recent publications are “Discourse Analysis of Moroccan Partisan Press - Al Alam”, “Al Itihad Al Ichtiraki and Attajdid as Case Studies”, and “Moroccan Independent Press and the Myth of the ‘Moroccan Spring”.

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Imen Shel (TUNISIA) Imen Shel was selected to pursue her Master’s degree in Cross-Cultural Studies at the Higher Institute of Languages of Tunis where she is currently preparing her Master’s thesis. Prior to that, she obtained her Bachelor’s degree from the Higher Institute of Human Sciences of Tunis in 2012. Imen has always been interested in and involved with the civil society in Tunisia. She worked for many NGOs such as Munathara and the Foundation For the Future. In June 2011, she was selected for the SUSI program for Student Leaders on Social Entrepreneurship at the University of Connecticut, USA which was a unique experience that enabled her to acquire social entrepreneurship skills. Imen also joined the training of trainers on observing elections and trained more than 100 observers in many regions of Tunisia. As for the future, Imen is highly interested in joining politics and contributing directly to the transitional democratic process of Tunisia.

Khaoula Ajanane (MOROCCO) Khaoula Ajanane is a freelance journalist and writer for several Moroccan news outlets inside and outside Morocco where she has mainly covered political issues with a focus on Morocco. She recently obtained her BA in English Studies and is strongly interested in media, politics, and cultural studies. She is also a political and social activist in Agadir, where she is a member and the Inner Communication Officer at the local secretariat of the ruling Justice and Development Party (PJD). She is also a member of the Executive Bureau of the Regional Women Committee of the PJD in the region of Agadir Idaoutanan and a founding member of the local women committee, serving as their General Secretary. Moreover, Khaoula is the General Secretary of Oufla Youth Association, an NGO concerned with the training, mentoring, and funding of youth self employment that she cofounded in 2013. In 2007 she was selected to participate in the highly competitive MEPI Student Leaders Program by the US Department Of State.

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Lucie Kirstein (GERMANY) Lucie Kirstein recently spent two semesters in Lebanon where she studied Arabic and interned with a Lebanese NGO focusing on civil war memory after finishing her undergraduate studies at the French-German Campus of Sciences Po Paris. After an internship with the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Beirut, she conducted extensive research on UN Peace Operations for the “UN in the Arab World” section at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs (IFI). She recently wrote a working paper on the Deauville Partnership between the former G8, international financial institutions, and Arab countries. The paper analyzes structural adjustment during Egypt’s political transition and the consequences for social justice and labor. In September 2014, Lucie will start her Master’s degree at Sciences Po Paris’ School of International Affairs (PSIA) with a focus on International Security and Political Economy in the MENA region. Since her 20-month peace service in Costa Rica (2009-2011), Lucie actively contributes to the work of the German peace and development NGO EIRENE International.

Martin Schiller (GERMANY) Martin Schiller is a collaborator at Konsentio Public Affairs, a Brussels-based consultancy engaged in a business initiative involving the five Maghreb countries. He holds a Master’s degree in Political Science and European Studies from Sciences Po Paris and the Freie Universität Berlin. Fascinated by comparative politics, the diversity of foreign policy cultures, and their impact on foreign news reporting, Martin has written his MA thesis on the coverage of the Tunisian Revolution in French and German print media. Eager to expand his research on the perception of the 2011 uprisings he is currently preparing a PhD proposal in Communication Sciences on Western media coverage of the Arab Spring at the Freie Universität Berlin. Besides internships at the European affairs division of the German Ministry of Economy and the Federation of German Industries (BDI), Martin has also been working as an assistant at DGAP’s Program on Franco-German relations.

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Meike Lettau (GERMANY) Meike Lettau is a PhD student at the UNESCO-Chair “Cultural Policy for the Arts in Development” at Universität Hildesheim in Germany, focusing her research on arts and cultural policy in transforming countries like Tunisia and Egypt. She holds an MA degree in Arts and Cultural Mediation from the Institute for Cultural Policy at Universität Hildesheim. Her fields of interest are international cultural relations and German foreign cultural policy. She is a member of the Cultural Innovators Network (CIN), a Euro-Mediterranean network initiated by Goethe-Institut that advocates social and cultural change through cross-cultural dialogues within the MENA region. Furthermore, Meike is working as an assistant at the ifa-Gallery of the Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations in Berlin. In the past she has worked with several international cultural institutions such as Goethe-Institut Pune, KHOJ International Artists’ Association and ARThinkSouthAsia in New Delhi. For the latter, she has been awarded a fellowship by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

Meriem Dhaouadi (TUNISIA) Meriem Dhaouadi has been working as a Program Assistant for the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) since November 2013. Prior to that, she worked as a journalist for and She has been writing for Foreign Policy magazine,,, and numerous other media outlets. Meriem studied Anglo-American Studies at the University of Tunis. During her studies, she worked with many youth grassroots organizations to achieve social change.

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Mozynah Nofal (EGYPT) Mozynah Nofal holds a Bachelor’s degree in Public Affairs and Policy Management, with a specialization in Development Studies from Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. She has recently finished a UN learning internship in Geneva through CIVICUS where she participated in the Human Rights Council session as well as in other UN bodies. Presently she is the Director of Ihyaa in Tripoli, which is a multidimensional program for 100 children in a Syrian refugee camp in Lebanon. Mozynah has previously conducted research in the fields of human rights, development, and the Arab world. She has also worked with IPDET – International Program for Development and Evaluation Training in partnership with the World Bank as a Program Officer. In the coming period Mozynah will be pursuing a degree in Educational Policy and Reform.

Nizar Amri (TUNISIA) Nizar Amri is a Master student of International Relations at the Higher Institute of Human Sciences of Tunis. Previously, he studied English Literature and Civilization at the University of Social and Human Sciences of Tunis where he graduated in 2013. Besides, Nizar is a freelance translator. He has been working regularly with the New Arab Debate Team (NAD) that discusses controversial issues in the post-revolutionary countries in the Arab world. He has also done an internship with Force Management Tunisia where he worked on human resources management. Nizar is engaged in associative life as he is a member of the International Relations Association and United College Association. These two associations mainly work on shaping students’ debating and English language skills. Additionally, he volunteered in organizing two World Forums in Tunisia in 2013: The World Social Forum (WSF) and World Forum Science and Democracy (WFSD). Nizar is interested in a variety of subjects related to his studies, such as international organizations, sustainable development, and IR theories. - 40 -

Raffael Beier (GERMANY) Raffael Beier has recently started working as a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE) at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) after finishing a study period in France. He is already enrolled as a PhD student in International Development Studies in the same institution since November 2013. His PhD thesis is about welfare effects of slum clearance projects in Morocco. His research focus is on urban development as well as on urban and regional economic policy in the MENA region. In 2012, he obtained his BSc in Geography at the Geographical Institute of the RUB with a published work about the impact of the financial crisis on the urban development of Düsseldorf, Germany. Afterwards, he started a Master program with a focus on Urban and Regional Development Studies. During his studies, he worked as a Research Assistant at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy where he focused on regional policy in the Mediterranean.

Rim Dhaouadi (TUNISIA) Rim Dhaouadi has been working as a Legal Officer for Democracy Reporting International (DRI) since February 2014. She joined DRI Headquarters in Berlin as an intern in July 2012 and worked as a Program Assistant with DRI Tunis in 2013 where she closely studied, analysed, and supported the constitution-making process. Rim is also a research fellow with the GermanArab Transformation Partnership Research Group “Tunisia in Transition”, focusing on the perception of international organisations during the constitutional process. Her interests include post-revolutionary legal and intstitutional reforms in Tunisia and the impact of the political transition on Tunisia’s foreign policy. Since May 2014, Rim is the treasurer of Legal Education Advancement and Development – LEAD, a new-born association that promotes the reform of the legal education system in Tunisia. Rim holds a Bachelor of Law from the Faculty of Judicial, Political, and Social Sciences of Tunis and a Master’s degree in International Law and Human Rights from the Faculty of Law and Political Science in Aix-en-Provence. - 41 -

Rim Koussa Dit Bacha (FRANCE) Rim Koussa Dit Bacha has been studying Political Science at Sciences Po Paris since September 2010. She started her studies at the French German Campus in Nancy with a focus on European Union studies. From October 2012 to July 2013 she went on to study at Freie Universität Berlin (FU) and graduated with a double BA in Political Science, a joint program between Sciences Po Paris and the FU. She wrote her Bachelor’s thesis on Hizbullah and its interaction with the Lebanese state. She also did a two months internship at the German Parliament at the International Relations and Foreign Affairs working group of the fraction DIE LINKE. In September 2013, she was admitted to the Sciences Po Doctoral School for the Research Master in International Relations. She is currently researching the role of Hizbullah Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah’s charismatic personality in the production of Hizbullah’s foreign policy.

Sara Hamouda (EGYPT) Sara Hamouda has been working as a Senior Economic Researcher at the Cabinet of the Minister of International Cooperation since 2008. She is in charge of cooperation with regional and Arab funding institutions such as IFAD, OFID, IDB, Arab Fund for socio-economic development, and the Saudi Development Fund. Sara obtained a Master’s degree in International Development at Hankuk University, South Korea in February 2012. In her research, she focuses on aid effectiveness and Middle East Studies. She graduated from the Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences at Cairo University where she studied Political Sciences, Public Management, and European Studies. During her studies, Sara has been an active participant in several simulation models and Arab-European dialogues. She also interned at the US Congress in September 2007 and the German Bundestag in April 2013.

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Tariq Suleiman (EGYPT) Tariq Suleiman is studying Architecture and Urbanism at the Arab Academy for Science and Technology in Cairo. He holds special interest for human rights and social justice. He has been involved in political activism in Egypt since 2010 and the successive incidents that led to the uprising in the beginning of 2011. After being arrested in a protest in February 2012 and spending a month in political imprisonment, he grew more involved in human rights activism rather than political activism. He has been working with the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies since September 2012 and coordinates human rights campaigns with the institute’s Alumni club. Being concerned about social justice and studying architecture and urbanism, Tariq became more interested in urban development in Egypt. He has been working with independent urban activists and Megawra - The Built Environment Collective on upgrading informal settlements and fighting to stop forced eviction of their inhabitants. He wishes to continue working on social urban development after graduation.

Zakian Benamar (MOROCCO) Zakian Benamar is a PhD student at the Faculty of Letters, Chouaib Doukkali University. He has worked as a part-time Lecturer at the Faculty of Letters, Abdelmalik Essaadi University in Tetouan. His main interests are media discourses, Euro-Mediterranean relations, and political reforms in the Arab region since the uprisings in 2011. He has published a number of articles tackling different issues. Zakian is a founding member and an activist in the Youth Initiative of the New Millennium, a Moroccan organization which works on peace and political issues. During his academic career, he worked on media discourses, namely on the media image of Islam after 9/11 in Western countries.

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Zuzana Novakova (SLOVAK REPUBLIC/SPAIN) Zuzana Novakova has been working as a FutureLab Europe Program Executive for the European Policy Centre in Brussels since 2012, being involved in a number of research projects in the field of Euro-Mediterranean relations. She is also a PhD researcher at the International Institute of Social Studies in The Hague (ISS) and Erasmus University Rotterdam, focusing on policy responses to transitions in the European neighbourhood. Zuzana holds a double degree in Public Policy with a focus on Governance, Democracy, and International Relations from Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals and the ISS in The Hague as well as a degree in European Studies from Comenius University in Bratislava. Prior to her current position, she worked for the Centre for the Research of Ethnicity and Culture in Bratislava.

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Dress Code For the Summer School smart casual wear is sufficient. For the visit to the Federal Foreign Office we don’t have a formal dress code (suit) but you should wear something appropriate.

Participation and Punctuality It is absolutely mandatory to be on time for every activity during the Summer School. You are required to be at DGAP on time for each session. Repeated failure to be punctual and unexcused absence from any activity will lead to non-reimbursement of travel grants and exclusion from the Summer School.

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Directions DGAP is located on Rauchstraße 17/18, 10787 Berlin. The Golden Tulip Berlin - Hotel Hamburg is located on Landgrafenstr.4, 10787 Berlin (phone: +49(0)30 264770 - fax: (+49) 302629394 - Email: [email protected]). It is a ten minute walk to DGAP (see map).

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TRANSFER TO DGAP/ GOLDEN TULIP Hotel FROM AIRPORT BERLIN TEGEL (TXL)  Take Bus X9, direction “Zoologischer Garten”, and get off at “Zoologischer Garten” which is the last stop (5 stops, approx. 20 minutes). From there:  To DGAP: Change to Bus 200, direction “Michelangelostraße”, and get off at “Corneliusbrücke” (3 stops, approx. 10 minutes), o Walk about 30 meters in the driving direction of the bus and turn left into “Rauchstraße”. The DGAP is the last building on the left.  To GOLDEN TULIP Hotel: Change to Bus 100, direction “S+U Alexanderplatz”, and get off at “Schillerstraße” (3 stations). o The Golden Tulip Berlin – Hotel Hamburg is located on Landgrafenstr. 4. Walk back approx.. 100m in the direction where the bus came from and you will find the street. You will reach the hotel after approx. 100 meters. FROM AIRPORT BERLIN SCHÖNEFELD (SXF)  Walk to the S-Bahn/train station and take S-Bahn “S 9”, direction “S+U Pankow”, and get off at “Ostkreuz” (9 stops, approx. 25 minutes).  Change to S-Bahn “S 5”, direction “Spandau”, and get off at “S+U Zoologischer Garten” (10 stops, approx. 20 minutes). From there:  To DGAP: Take Bus 200, direction “Michelangelostraße”, and get off at “Corneliusbrücke” (3 stops, approx. 10 minutes), o Walk about 30 meters in the driving direction of the bus and turn left into “Rauchstraße”. The DGAP is the last building on the left.  To GOLDEN TULIP Hotel: Change to Bus 100, direction “S+U Alexanderplatz”, and get off at “Schillerstraße” (3 stations). o The Golden Tulip Berlin – Hotel Hamburg is located on Landgrafenstr. 4. Walk back approx. 100m in the direction where the bus came from and you will find the street. You will reach the hotel after approx. 100 meters. OR  

Walk to the train station “S Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld Bhf” and take the train RE7, direction „S+U Zoologischer Garten” or RB14, direction “Nauen”. Get off at “Zoologischer Garten”. From there: To DGAP: Take Bus 200, direction “Michelangelostraße”, get off at the third stop “Corneliusbrücke”, o Walk about 30 meters in the driving direction of the bus and turn left into “Rauchstraße”. The DGAP is the last building on the left. To GOLDEN TULIP Hotel: Change to Bus 100, direction “S+U Alexanderplatz”, and get off at “Schillerstraße” (3 stations). - 47 -


The Golden Tulip Berlin – Hotel Hamburg is located on Landgrafenstr. 4. Walk back approx.. 100m in the direction where the bus came from and you will find the street. You will reach the hotel after approx. 100 meters.

FROM BERLIN MAIN STATION („BERLIN HBF“)  Take any S-Bahn leaving from track 16 (S5, S9, S75, all westbound), direction “Zoologischer Garten”, “Westkreuz”, “Spandau” (3 stops, approx. 5 minutes) and get off at “Zoologischer Garten”. From there:  To DGAP: take Bus 200, direction “Michelangelostraße” and get off at “Corneliusbrücke” (3 stops, approx. 10 minutes), o Walk about 30 meters in the driving direction of the bus and turn left into “Rauchstraße”. The DGAP is the last building on the left.  To GOLDEN TULIP Hotel: Change to Bus 100, direction “S+U Alexanderplatz”, and get off at “Schillerstraße” (3 stations). o The Golden Tulip Berlin – Hotel Hamburg is located on Landgrafenstr. 4. Walk back approx.. 100m in the direction where the bus came from and you will find the street. You will reach the hotel after approx. 100 meters. TAXIS Taxis are available at the airport and main station. Please note that due to regulations by its donors DGAP does not cover taxi costs! The estimated fares are as follows: Tegel Airport (TXL) to DGAP, Rauchstr. 17/18: approx. 15-20€ Schönefeld Airport (SXF) to DGAP, Rauchstr. 17/18: approx. 30-35€

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Berlin City Guide

Places to see and visit during the day Within a short walking distance from your hotel you can find the Neue Nationalgalerie (New National Gallery). The building was designed by the famous architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Potsdamer Str. 50; Tue, Wed & Fri 10-18, Thu 10-22, Sat. & Sun. 11-18). Potsdamer Platz lies northeast of the Neue Nationalgalerie along Leipziger Straße. Rebuilt after the fall of the wall in 1989, this area has become quite popular for its shops, restaurants, and cafés, and of course for the Sony Centre. The Sony Centre is considered one of the finest pieces of modern architecture in Berlin and houses over 40 theaters in its Cinema complex, as well as a film museum. Between Potsdamer Platz and Anhalter Bahnhof you will find the permanent open air exhibition “Topography of Terror” (Niederkirchnerstrasse 8), which covers the history of the National-Socialist era. You will also find parts of the Berlin Wall (approx. 200m) on the north side of the exhibition area. North of Potsdamer Platz on Ebertstraße you will find the Brandenburg Gate. It was first constructed in 1791 and is, as a symbol of German reunification, probably the best known landmark in Berlin. On the west side of the Gate is the Tiergarten, a big park in the center of Berlin and a wonderful location to relax. Located extremely close to the DGAP and a nearby lake, the “Café am Neuen See” is one of Berlin’s nicest beer gardens. The Tiergarten is also home to the Siegessäule, a 62 meter high victory column at the roundabout called “Großer Stern”, which was erected in 1873 to commemorate Prussia’s defeat of Denmark, Austria, and France. It was originally built in front of the Reichstag but was moved to the park in 1939. Nice view from the top. - 49 -

In walking distance from the DGAP you will find the famous Kurfürstendamm (better known in Berlin as “Ku’damm”) and the Tauentzienstraße. It is mainly a shopping district. Another symbol of Berlin located in this area is the KaiserWilhelm-Gedächtnis-Kirche (Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church). The church consists of a bombed out steeple from the Second World War with a modern version of the church erected next to it. This area attracts a number of street performers and souvenir vendors. On the Tauentzienstraße near the Wittenbergplatz you’ll also find the KaDeWe, the largest department store in continental Europe. Built in 1906 and nearly completely destroyed during the Second World War, its 6 floors are definitely worth a look. The food court on the 6th floor is especially impressive—though quite expensive. East of the Brandenburg Gate is Unter den Linden, a wide boulevard with a number of cafés, restaurants, and shops. It stretches almost till Alexanderplatz. If you follow this alley from the Brandenburg Gate and pass the Pariser Platz, it will take you past the German Guggenheim of Berlin, the German Historical Museum, the Berlin Cathedral, as well as the former site of the Palace of the Republic, which has recently been demolished. A bit further down the road, where Unter den Linden crosses Spandauer Straße, you will see the famous Rotes Rathaus, Berlin’s town-hall (named for its red bricks), where the current mayor Klaus Wowereit presides. Next to it you find the Nikolaiviertel, where you can get an impression of 13th century Berlin. It is now wellknown for its pubs, wine taverns, and little shops. From the same square you will see the Fernsehturm. It is Berlin’s most famous tower and dwarfs the city landscape, rising 368 meters above the ground. Open 09:00 a.m.-until midnight, you can take the elevator up to the observation deck (203m). The admission fee is € 12,00. There is also a café at the top, which does not only offer food and drinks but also an impressive view over Berlin (it might be smart to make a reservation). Where Spandauer Straße turns into Rosenthalerstraße, you find the Hackescher Markt along with the Hackesche Höfe. The Höfe are artistic courtyards complete with outdoor cafés and a theatre (the Chamäleon). There is also a beach bar (“Strandbar Mitte”), located between Hackescher Markt and the new Bodemuseum on the Museumsinsel, a peninsula on the Spree river home to Berlin’s most important museum complex. There are many more sights in Berlin that are definitely worth seeing, although they are further away from the city’s centre. One of them is Schloss Charlottenburg, a - 50 -

palace located in the Western part of Berlin. It is the largest house of the Hohenzollern family (Tue-Sun 10-18; 12€; Bus 145 to Schloss Charlottenburg). In the former western part of the city you will also find the Alliierten Museum (Allied museum) on Clayallee 135. The museum documents the presence of American, British and French troops in Berlin from 1945 to 1994 and includes larger objects such as former aircrafts and the original Checkpoint Charlie building at Friedrichstraße (Thu-Tue 10-18, closed on Wed; S 1 to “Zehlendorf”, then Bus 115; or U3 to “Oskar Helene Heim”, then Bus 115 or 183 to “Alliiertenmuseum”). A sight not to miss in the East of Berlin is the East Side Gallery. The “gallery” is the largest remaining piece of the Berlin Wall designed by more than 100 artists after the fall of the Berlin Wall (U1, U15 to Warschauerstraße or S3, S5, S7, S9 to Ostbahnhof or Warschauerstraße; the actual wall is located on Mühlenstraße, between the two stations Warschauer Str. and Schlesisches Tor). Other places to visit in Kreuzberg include the Mauermuseum (The Wall Museum; U6 or Bus M29 to Kochstraße, Museum Hours: daily 09:00-22:00) and Checkpoint Charlie, a reconstruction of the former crossing station between the old East and West Berlin. A few blocks southeast of Checkpoint Charlie you can find the Jewish Museum (Lindenstraße 9-14; Mon. 10:00-22:00, Tues.-Sun. 10:00-20:00).

Places/Districts to go to at night

KREUZBERG Crowd: „Mediterranean Flair“ with a (strong) touch of Punk Rock, students, artists, and hipsters Stations: U Kottbusser Tor U Görlitzer Bahnhof U Schlesisches Tor U Mehringdamm Places to see: Oranienstraße, Wienerstraße, Paul-Linke-Ufer, Bergmannstraße, Viktoriapark, Gräfestraße, Maybachufer

NEUKÖLLN Crowd: mainly Arabic and Turkish neighborhood, but more and more students and artists are moving there > highly interesting mixture: Orient meets hipsters Stations: U Hermannplatz - 51 -

U Rathaus Neukölln U Schönleinstraße U Boddinstraße Places to see: Weserstraße, Hobrechtstraße, Schillerpromenade



FRIEDRICHSHAIN Crowd: Tourists, students and young families Stations: U Warschauerstraße S Ostkreuz Places to see: Simon-Dach-Straße, Boxhagener Platz and surroundings

SCHÖNEBERG Crowd: Academics and business people in their mid-30s, gays, lesbians (especially around Nollendorfplatz) Stations: U Kleistpark S Julius-Leber Brücke U Eisenacher Str. U Nollendorfplatz

PRENZLAUER BERG Crowd: Academics, young families, young professionals, media people, artists, new bohemians, Swabians, LOHAS Stations: U+S Eberswalder Straße U+S Schönhauser Allee Places to see: Kastanienallee, Pappelallee, Kollwitzplatz, Helmholtzplatz, Mauerpark

MITTE Crowd: Tourists, young urban professionals, media & soap crowd, trend-setters, artists Stations: S Hackescher Markt U Oranienburgerstraße U Rosenthalerplatz Places to see: Oranienburger Straße, Hackescher Markt, Rosenthaler Straße, Torstraße, Zionskirchplatz, Friedrichstraße - 52 -

CHARLOTTENBURG Crowd: Business-people, old West Berlin bourgeoisie and young posh ‘natives’ (born in Berlin) Stations: S Savignyplatz S Charlottenburg Places to see: Savignyplatz, Stuttgarter Platz, Leonhardtstraße, Rönnestraße, Olivaer Platz

Movies in English are widely screened in Berlin, just make sure to look for the right code: OV (original version), OmU (original version with German subtitles) and OmE/OmenglU (original version with English subtitles). Movie theatre close to the hotel: Cinestar Im Sony Center Potsdamer Platz 4 Berlin-Tiergarten Telefon 018 05/24 63 62 99 S-Bahn: Potsdamer Platz; U-Bahn: Potsdamer Platz Bus: 148, 200, 248, 348, N5, N52, TXL City Magazines: Exberliner () Zitty () Tip () 030 (for free in almost every Bar/Café/Club) ()

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Herausgeber: Forschungsinstitut der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik e. V., Berlin | Rauchstraße 17/18 | 10787 Berlin Tel.: +49 (0)30 25 42 31-0 | Fax: +49 (0)30 25 42 31-16 | [email protected] | | © 2014 DGAP

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